La Pavoni Spa was founded in Milan in 1905 thanks to Desiderio Pavoni in a little workshop at Via Parini. His first invention was patented by Luigi Bezzera, on 1st September 1902, duly registered at the Milan State office on 19th September 1903, and gave life to the first espresso coffee machine for bar called "Ideale".
It was a vertical machine, with a boiler kept at a constant pressure by a gas-ring which it rested on, or by means of electricity, with side brewing groups (from 1 to 4) supported by inside hooks and had a filter for ground coffee.
By opening a knob, at a pressure of 1,5 bar, water first and then steam passed through the ground coffee in the filter, enabling the brewing of the espresso, which - in one minute - was ready in the cup; the machine was also fitted with some knobs to get hot water or steam to prepare hot drinks.
Being the first machine of it's kind to be marketed, this model spread the fashion of drinking Italian style "espresso" coffee at the bar, in Europe, first, and then around the whole world.
This system of obtaining the coffee and the mechanics of the machines remained the same till the post-war period, although it sometimes created a sour, "burnt" taste, caused by the fact that - while brewing - steam (in addition to water) was let through the coffee.
In 1948 a new system was introduced. Water was taken from the boiler under pressure. It was then filtered through the coffee by means of a piston pushed by a spring at ten bars pressure; the coffee no longer had that burnt taste.
In 1948 La Pavoni manufactured its first machine with horizontal boiler.
This project was conceived by Gio Ponti, Antonio Fornaroli and Alberto Rosselli, whose cooperation gave birth to model 47 called "LA CORNUTA" ("The horn") because of its brewing groups standing out from the cylindrical boiler body.
1956 saw the creation of the "Concorso" series. This was a project developed by Bruno Munari and Enzo Mari, where the body has a particular design; the modular geometrical parts, put together, enable the building of machines with more than one group, in which the stress is put on the colour matching.
In 1961 the so-called "Brewing" commercial machine was introduced onto the market. Water from the mains (rather than the boiler), after flowing through the water softener, with the help of a pump at about 9 bars pressure, passes through the exchanger pipes in the boiler. The temperature always remains the same, water heats up and - through the brewing groups - is directed onto the pressed coffee, obtaining one or two cups of tasty and creamy coffee.
The cooperation between Alberto Rosselli and Angelo Tito Anselmi gave life in 1961 to a model called "BRASILIA". The side panels - the same for all models - support the front panel, the dimensions of which vary according to the number of groups.
In the same year, 1961, developing an idea by a Milanese artisan, the first electrical machine for domestic use was created. This machine could it to brew espresso coffee and hot drinks, just like the way they were made in the coffee bar. That machine was called "Europiccola".
In 1972 the company realised model "LP" which improved the technical aspect and reliability without disturbing the design.
In 1974, the "Europiccola" was coupled with the new machine, the "Professional", whose boiler enabled to obtain 16 coffees to be made consecutively. This model was equipped with a manometer indicating the boiler pressure.
la Pavoni S.p.A. - Via Privata Gorizia, 7 - 20098 San Giuliano Milanese (Mi) - IT - Tel. +39.02.982171 - Fax +39.02.9821787 - E-mail email@example.com